Dental treatment is required when a patient notices that his gums are bleeding. This treatment consists of plaque removal and also the deposits of calculus that have accumulated on the teeth over some period of time. Calcium deposits are also built up around the teeth and this is why this chalky substance has to be removed. If it is not, then this condition would lead to bacterial infection than can cause bleeding from the patient’s gums. Professional cleaning of the teeth is called prophylaxis and it helps in prevention of the gum diseases. To perform this routine a dental hygienist uses special instruments to remove the accumulated deposits with gentle moves without damaging the teeth.
The most common instrument for helping tartar loose is the ultrasonic instrument. It uses tickling vibrations to knock the formed calculus. This device has special tips that are curved. The dental hygienist always applies them around the teeth. A dental hygienist can adjust the instrument settings appropriately according to the sensations of the patient.
Other instruments that dental hygienists use in this process are handed tools. These are scalers or curettes and they are used to remove tartar deposits which are smaller. By using these instruments, dental hygienist often carefully scrapes the calculus with a specific dose of gentle or moderate pressure. Resulting in teeth cleaner than you could achieve by brushing alone.
When the above-mentioned procedures are finished, then the dental assistant could easily polish the patient teeth. This procedure is done by slow-speed handpiece that uses soft rubber cup. A special toothpaste is required to be scooped up into the cup and applied to the surface of the teeth. By this intervention, teeth are getting smooth and shiny.
After polishing intervention some dental hygienists may apply fluoride for about 30 seconds. The fluoride is good for strengthen the teeth because of the little weakness teeth has obtained from the calculus deposits. It is best for the patient not to drink or rinse for the next 30 minutes just for improving the flour effects. All the mentioned procedures are painless and patients claim that they adore cleaning because of the fresh and smooth feeling they get afterward.
The dental hygienist will give advice on how to properly maintain the oral health. They would definitely talk about how to properly brush the teeth and which technique is most suitable for each patient. Your hygienist will explain that the patient should brush their teeth at least twice per day, floss, rinse and use an interdental brush.